© 2017 by NEERMAN. 



Swachh Vidyalaya Puraskar - School Validation Survey (2017 and 2018)

The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MoHRD) launched the Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya (SBSV) mission in 2014. As a part of this mission, MoHRD instituted the Swachh Vidyalaya Puraskar (SVP) to, “recognize, inspire and celebrate excellence in sanitation and hygiene practice in schools... and honor schools that have undertaken significant steps towards fulfilling the mandate of the Swachh Vidyalaya Campaign”. 

All government elementary and secondary schools were eligible for the SVP, and the applicants were evaluated on the following criteria: (1) Water, (2) Toilets, (3) Handwashing with Soap, (4) Operations and Maintenance, and (5) Behavior Change and Capacity Building. As a part of this project, NEERMAN conducted an independent validation survey of the 727 schools shortlisted for the national award, estimated their scores as per the agreed criteria, and made recommendations to the national level committee established for the SVP. 

Client: UNICEF

Partner Organisations: Administrative Staff College of India (ASCI)

Location: 727 schools spread across 29 states and 346 districts in India

Economics and Financial Benefits Assessment of the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (2017)

UNICEF and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) sought to estimate the economic and financial benefits of the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G) programme. NEERMAN conducted a 10,000-household survey across 12 states to estimate potential health impacts, time-use impacts, and costs of the SBM-G. This research will help estimate value-for-money efficiency measures of SBM-G interventions.

Client: UNICEF

Location: Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra,

Rajasthan, Karnataka, Telengana, Tamil Nadu, and Assam

Randomized Controlled Trial of India's Total Sanitation Campaign (2008-2013)

NEERMAN researchers led and managed one of the first randomized controlled trials of a large scale sanitation programme in the world. This impact evaluation of the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) was commissioned by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation as a part of the “Learning to Scale Up Project” under the Water and Sanitation Program of the World Bank. The survey was conducted by GfK Mode in 3000 households from 80 villages, and measured outcomes such as child growth, cognitive development, helminthes infection in stool, and E. coli contamination of drinking water. The study found that the Total Sanitation Campaign modestly increased toilet coverage and usage, but this increase was not sufficient to deliver the hypothesized health or nutritional outcomes. The study, published in PLoS Medicine, highlights a need for more effective infrastructure and behaviour change approaches, and has motivated further discussions and research in the sanitation sector.

Client: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Partner Organisations: WSP, World Bank and University of California at Berkeley

Location: Madhya Pradesh


Evaluation of the ICDS-Common Application Software (CAS) Programme (2017-2019)

The government is currently strengthening the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme through an mHealth intervention called Common Application Software (ICDS-CAS). CAS is an Application installed on smart phones, with accompanying multi-level data dashboards. This system is intended to be a job aid for frontline workers and ICDS officials, with an aim enable better service delivery, real time monitoring, and data-based decision making.
In partnership with University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), University of California, Berkeley (UCB), and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), NEERMAN was engaged to conduct an impact evaluation to assess whether ICDS-CAS can enable more timely and appropriate services to pregnant women, children <12 months and their mothers, compared to the standard ICDS programme. This study uses a village-matched controlled design with repeated cross-sectional surveys to evaluate the impacts of CAS, recruiting approximately 1500 Anganwadi workers and 6000+ mother-child dyads from 400+ matched pairs of villages in Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.


Client: Gates Foundation

Partner Organisations: UCSF, UCB, IFPRI

Location: Madhya Pradesh and Bihar


Knowledge Assessment of Micronutrients among Farmers in Andhra Pradesh (2019)

Since 2015, the Government of Andhra Pradesh has been extending a 100% subsidy to farmers for applying micronutrients to their crops. This study’s main objective was to assess the knowledge and practices of farmers related to usage of the micronutrients. NEERMAN researchers collaborated and managed the data collection work with the International Food Policy Research Institute. The survey was conducted in 6 districts and 135 villages across Andhra Pradesh. A listing survey of approximately 100 farmers was done in each village, and 12 farmers were randomly selected for the main survey from among those listed. 


Client: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Location: Andhra Pradesh

Evaluation of Farmers using Solar Pumps for Irrigation (2018)

The Government of India and several state governments are promoting solar irrigation pumps by offering heavy capital subsidies. A data-driven study was designed by CIMMYT to assess the feasibility of the solar irrigation system and understand roadblocks for a potential scale-up across India. NEERMAN collected data for CIMMYT researchers to evaluate the feasibility of solar pumps for irrigation at different stages of crop production and understand if/how solar energy can be used for irrigation in energy deficit rural areas. The specific objective of this assignment was to conduct a survey of 840 farmers categorized into three sub-groups: (a) solar pump farmers (b) non-solar pump farmers (neighbours) and (c) farmers who buy water from the other two types of farmers.


Client: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)

Partners: GIZ, International Water Management Institute

Location: Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh

Evaluating pulses production in Bihar (2016-2020)

The Government of India is currently promoting the production of pulses to augment the domestic supply. The Aga Khan Foundation (AKF), with the help of local partners, is implementing a multipronged intervention to increase the uptake of pulses cultivation in Bihar and improve the productivity of pulses cultivation in the region. University of California, Davis and NEERMAN are collaborating on a multi-round evaluation of this intervention. The main impact evaluation design is a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial to measure the welfare consequences of expanding local pulse production. A baseline survey of 1180 farmers from 160 villages in five districts of Bihar is completed.  Additionally, the research partnership is answering other critical operations- and process-related questions using implementation science and choice experimental methods. So far, we have completed two additional rounds of survey with the above panel of farmers.


Client: University of California, Davis

Partners: Aga Khan Foundation

Location: Bihar


Cohort based evaluation of UNICEF's Adolescent Programme (2016-2019)

UNICEF implemented a large scale programme aimed at reducing child marriages, teenage pregnancies, and school dropout rates among adolescents in 16 districts across eight states in India. NEERMAN was hired as a research partner to adapt UNICEF's monitoring framework to Indian contexts, conduct annual household and village surveys, help establish a web-based monitoring reporting portal, and develop an Android-based internal monitoring system for the programme implementing partners. We also served as a national technical resource and research advisory agency for the Adolescent Programme.

Client: UNICEF

Location: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand, Assam, and West Bengal


Madhya Pradesh Power Transmission and Distribution System Improvement Project (2011 - 2012)

Asian Development Bank (ADB) provided a loan to the Madhya Pradesh government to provide 24 by 7 power supply to domestic consumers, and guaranteed 10-hours supply to agricultural consumers through feeder separation and distribution efficiency improvements. This research study was commissioned by ADB to estimate the socio-economic impacts of the project on households, and to ascertain whether effective rationing of power supply to farms negatively affects farm productivity. We employed a matched cohort method to assess the impacts of the project by surveying 2600 households from 154 villages in 12 districts of Madhya Pradesh. The results helped ADB and the Government of Madhya Pradesh in loan structuring, and development aid effectiveness analysis.
Client: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Location: Madhya Pradesh